How To Become A Teacher In The UK

In the United Kingdom, education is supervised under the UK Government in England. The welsh, Scottish and Northern Irish governments are each responsible for education in their respective countries.

The interesting fact is that UK has a young teaching workforce (60% of teachers are under forty and 30% are 30 years old or younger).

Teaching job usually requires the teachers to be able to teach a mix of lessons, do marking and assessment, run extracurricular activities and perform administrative duties.


Teachers in the UK are offered a good deal of salary which is the sixth best for teachers worldwide along with plenty of opportunities and incentives. They get half-term breaks, and winter and Easter holidays.


Primary school teachers in the UK are expected to teach all subjects as outlined in the curriculum whereas Secondary school teachers mostly teach a subject they majored in at university.


Getting a teaching job in UK itself is an amazing opportunity. Teaching is a challenging career but it has many benefits. You’ll have a chance to exercise your knowledge, abilities and potential to motivate and teach the upcoming generation. Watching young individuals learn and grow, is a mirthful thing. One actually feels internally satisfied.


Let’s discover how you can become a teacher in the United Kingdom:


Acquire Variety of subjects’ knowledge


In Primary schools, the following subjects are part of the national curriculum:

  • Mathematics
  • English
  • design and technology
  • computing
  • art and design
  • Science
  • history
  • physical education (PE)
  • geography
  • music

You should have a good grip on these subjects at least.



Try to gain experience with different age ranges


There are various key stages in the education system of the United Kingdom starting from 0 to 16 years old (nursery to grade 11).

You need to be aware of the responsibilities at each stage so that you can choose if you get an option.



Volunteer in different types of schools to see which type suits you


The school education in the UK is divided into two sectors: independent and state maintained. The kind of school can affect the admissions criteria, how it is managed, staff employment procedures etc.

The various types include:

  • Maintained must abide by the national curriculum
  • Academies/free schools are not bound within a restricted curriculum.
  • Independent sector schools do not follow a particular curriculum. Instead they focus on the child’s individual abilities such as creativity, morality and personality development.
  • Local authorities fund the Grammar schools, but students are selected on the basis of their abilities.


Meet the required Qualifications


You need to gain a QTS to serve as a teacher in England and Wales which can be obtained through a one-year ITT programme. Once you complete the course, you are awarded with the Qualified Teacher Status which makes you eligible for the induction year.


To serve as a teach in Northern Ireland, you are required to complete a one-year Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) or an undergraduate Bachelor of Education (BEd).


In Scotland, teachers must have a degree and qualification in Initial Teacher Education (ITE). Once ITE is completed then you will be required to go through a provisional teaching year.


Meet entry requirements for teacher training


In order to train as a teacher in the Scotland, you must meet the following requirements:


  • English at SCQF Level 6 and mathematics Level 5.


  • Two other National Qualifications at SCQF Level 6 and one other subject at SCQF Level 5 for an undergraduate degree.


  • An undergraduate degree awarded by a UK higher education provider for PGDE programs.


  • Classroom experience.


  • To be a member of the Protecting Vulnerable Groups scheme.



In Wales, you will need:


  • An undergraduate degree awarded by a UK higher education institution or equivalent.


  • At least a GCSE grade B/5 (or above) or equivalent in English and Mathematics. Early years and primary teachers also need grade C/4 (or above) in a science subject.


  • To have declared any previous convictions and undergone the criminal records check through the Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS).


  • Numeracy and literacy tests (in some cases).


In England, you’ll need:


  • A degree (or equivalent) of a 2:2 or above.
  • At least a GCSE grade C/4 or equivalent in Mathematics and English. If you want to teach primary or early years you will also need a GCSE grade C/4 or equivalent in a science subject.


  • Declaration of any prior convictions and undergo the criminal records check through the Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS).


  • Pass the professional skills tests for numeracy and literacy.


In Northern Ireland, you’ll need:


  • An approved undergraduate degree for PGCE courses.


  • Two passes at GCE Advanced level, with C grade or higher in 3 other subjects at GCE level, to qualify for a BEd course.


  • Undergo a police criminal records inspection.



Adopt such qualities and skills that are essential for teaching


  • The aptitude to relate well with the students and their parents/guardians-understand their problems and deal with them fairly.


  • Zeal and energy for the subjects you are teaching.


  • Vast knowledge of the subject, curriculum and age range.


  • The skill to deliver your knowledge to pupils in an appealing and understandable manner.


  • Dedication, perseverance, honesty, commitment, confidence, endurance and resilience.


  • A decent sense of humour.


  • The aptitude to be calm in conflicting situations.





Non-academic requirements

There are some non-academic requirements you’ll need to meet to help in your teaching process.

  • School experience that will aid in your job.
  • Medical fitness check through health questionnaire or medical examination.
  • Declaration of criminal convictions if there are any.
  • Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) in England and Wales.


Being a teacher is not an easy job. You need to give a lot on your part. Enthusiasm, confidence, sincerity, hard work are part and parcel of this job.

All you need to do is to fulfil the requirements and give your best.